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Welcome to Neutrium

Neutrium is a knowledge base of engineering topics, centred mainly around chemical engineering design challenges faced by engineers in their daily work. We created Neutrium to bridge the gap between theory and practice. Feel free to ask a question, leave feedback or take a look at one of our in-depth articles.


Calculating Interface Volumes for Multi-product Pipelines
Calculating Interface Volumes for Multi-product Pipelines

Due to their large capital expense, pipelines are often utilized for the transfer of multiple products. During operation of these multi-product pipelines, the interface between two adjacent products extends (referred to as interface mixing), resulting in the contamination of each product. This interface is typically sent to slops collection for reprocessing or disposal at additional cost to the operator. Therefore the economics of a pipeline can often be improved through a study of product interfaces under various operational conditions to aide in the minimization of interface mixing. This article presents several empirical methods by which interface mixing can be quantified.


Thermal Conductivity of Metals and Alloys

This article provides thermal conductivity data for a selection of metals and alloys. Thermal conductivity measures a materials ability to allow heat to pass through it via conductance.


Thermal Conductivity of Common Materials

This article provides thermal conductivity data for a selection of common materials. Thermal conductivity measures a materials ability to allow heat to pass through it via conductance.


Estimating the Viscosity of Mixtures

For some engineering calculations, particularly in hydrocarbon processing, it is necessary to estimate the viscosity of a mixture (blend) of two or more components. This article presents the Gambill and Refutas methods, which are commonly used in petroleum refining for predicting the viscosity of oil blends.


Relief Valve Orifice Area to API RP 526

This article lists the standard effective orifice areas for the orifice designations found in API RP 526 5th edition. These orifice designations set the minimum effective orifice area which a relief valve must have to meet the API 526 requirements and must be used with the sizing equations in API RP 520 Part I.


Torque and Electric Motors
Torque and Electric Motors

Torque is an important parameter in ensuring motors are well suited to their intended service. This article demonstrates how to calculate torque for a given motor or drive, and provides a brief introduction to motors and torque.


Estimation of Pump Moment of Inertia

The moment of inertia of a pump is its resistance to changes in angular velocity as it rotates about its shaft. Knowledge of the moment of inertia of a pump, motor and associated components is typically required for transient analysis of a pumped system. This article presents methods by which pump and motor moment of inertia may be estimated.


Accurate Readings from Log Plots
Accurate Readings from Log Plots

Reading values from a graph or plot with a logarithmic axis visually is difficult and will often result in inaccurate readings. This article presents formulae which may be used with measurements from a graph axis to obtain more accurate values.


Pump Specific Speed
Pump Specific Speed

Pump Specific Speed, NS is a method of characterising a pump duty by head, flow rate and rotational speed. Pump specific speed may be used to determine an appropriate pump design for a given application when choosing between axial, radial or multistage centrifugal designs or positive displacement pumps.


Pressure Drop Through a Packed Bed
Pressure Drop Through a Packed Bed

As fluid flows through a packed bed it experiences a pressure loss due to friction. This article describes the use of the Carman-Kozeny and Ergun equations for the calculation of pressure drop through a randomly packed bed of spheres.